As some of you may know, I am huge into science.. that means anything from biology, volcanology to space the final frontier! And so, to start off the week in a science way, today I will talk about Quarks or Strange Matter. Don’t worry there will be a video from Kurzgesagt from YouTube at the end of the post!
What is a Quark (aka Strange Matter)?
A Quark Matter (aka QCD Matter or Strange Matter) is a quantum chromodynamic, this refers to any number of the theorized phases of matter whose degrees of freedom include quarks and gluons.
These theoretical phases would occur at extremely high temperatures and/or densities, billions of times higher than can be produced in equilibrium in laboratories. Under such extreme conditions, the familiar structure of matter, where the basic constituents are nuclei (consisting of nucleons which are bound states of quarks) and electrons, is disrupted. In quark matter it is more appropriate to treat the quarks themselves as the basic degrees of freedom.
Too much blah blah blah up there? How about this….
Matter is any substance that has mass (complete 6th or 7th grade science) and takes up space by having volume… A boom box (for us 80s kids) is Matter, since it both, takes up space and has volume. Now, a Quark is the same way, EXCEPT, it is space matter, made up of gasses.
For those that do not know or not really into science, here is the definition of Matter based on Atoms….
A definition of “matter” based on its physical and chemical structure is: matter is made up of atoms. Such atomic matter is also sometimes termed ordinary matter. As an example, deoxyribonucleic acid molecules (DNA) are matter under this definition because they are made of atoms. This definition can be extended to include charged atoms and molecules, so as to include plasmas (gases of ions) and electrolytes (ionic solutions), which are not obviously included in the atoms definition. Alternatively, one can adopt the protons, neutrons, and electrons definition.
Where can we find Quark (Strange Matter)?
Have you ever heard of a Neutron Star? No????
A neutron star is the collapsed core of a giant star which before collapse had a total of between 10 and 29 solar masses. Neutron stars are the smallest and densest stars, not counting hypothetical quark stars and strange stars. Neutron stars have a radius of the order of 10 kilometers (6.21 miles) and a mass lower than a 2.16 solar masses. They result from the supernova explosion of a massive star, combined with gravitational collapse, that compresses the core past white dwarf star density to that of atomic nuclei.
So basically Quarks happened (apparently to science) started right after The Big Bang (totally different but cool posts, coming soon!) So have more questions? You can read more here